Verbs, Regular & Irregular

Verbs are words that communicate action. Using the verb “talk” as an example, this is how regular verbs are conjugated in English.

Present Perfect Past Pluperfect Future Future Perfect

1st Person Sing.

I talk

I have talked

I talked

I had talked

I will talk

I will have talked

2nd Person Sing.

You talk

You have talked

You talked

You had talked

You will talk

You will have talked

3rd Person Sing.

He talks

He has talked

He talked

He had talked

He will talk

He will have talked

1st Person Pl.

We talk

We have talked

We talked

We had talked

We will talk

We will have talked

2nd Person Pl.

You talk

You have talked

You talked

You had talked

You will talk

You will have talked

3rd Person Pl. They talk They have talked They talked They had talked They will talk They will have talked

 

Progressive

 

Present Perfect Past Pluperfect Future Future Perfect

1st Person Sing.

I am talking

I have been talking

I was talking

I had talked

I will be talking

I will have been talking

2nd Person Sing.

You are talking

You have been talking

You were talking

You had talked

You will be talking

You will have been talking

3rd Person Sing.

He is talking

He has been talking

He was talking

He had talked

He will be talking

He will have been talking

1st Person Plural

We are talking

We have been talking

We were talking

We had talked

We will be talking

We will have been talking

2nd Person Plural

You are talking

You have been talking

You were talking

You had talked

You will be talking

You will have been talking

3rd Person Plural

They are talking

They have been talking

They were talking

They had talked

They will be talking

They will have been talking

 

Irregular verbs are verbs whose conjugation doesn’t follow the pattern for
regular verbs. Here is a list of the more commonly used irregular verbs.

1st Person Singular

Past Simple

Past Participle

3rd Person Singular

I

I/You/They

I/You/They have

He/She/It

Am (To Be)

Was/Were

Been

Is

Arise

Arose

Arisen

Arises

Awake

Awoke

Awoken

Awakes

Beat

Beat

Beaten

Beats

Become

Became

Become

Becomes

Begin

Began

Begun

Begins

Behold

Beheld

Beheld

Beholds

Bend

Bent

Bent

Bends

Bet

Bet

Bet

Bets

Bid

Bid

Bid

Bids

Bind

Bound

Bound

Binds

Bite

Bit

Bitten

Bites

Bleed

Bled

Bled

Bleeds

Blow

Blew

Blown

Blows

Break

Broke

Broken

Breaks

Breed

Bred

Bred

Breeds

Bring

Brought

Brought

Brings

Build

Built

Built

Builds

Burst

Burst

Burst

Bursts

Bust

Bust

Bust

Busts

Buy

Bought

Bought

Buys

Catch

Caught

Caught

Catches

Choose

Chose

Chosen

Chooses

Cling

Clung

Clung

Clings

Come

Came

Come

Comes

Cost

Cost

Cost

Costs

Creep

Crept

Crept

Creeps

Cut

Cut

Cut

Cuts

Deal

Dealt

Dealt

Deals

Dig

Dug

Dug

Digs

Do

Did

Done

Does

Draw

Drew

Drawn

Draws

Drink

Drank

Drunk

Drinks

Drive

Drove

Driven

Drives

Dwell

Dwelt

Dwelt

Dwells

Eat

Ate

Eaten

Eats

Fall

Fell

Fallen

Falls

Feed

Fed

Fed

Feeds

Feel

Felt

Felt

Feels

Fight

Fought

Fought

Fights

Find

Found

Found

Finds

Flee

Fled

Fled

Flees

Fling

Flung

Flung

Flings

Fly

Flew

Flown

Flies

Forget

Forgot

Forgotten

Forgets

Forgive

Forgave

Forgiven

Forgives

Forsake

Forsook

Forsaken

Forsakes

Freeze

Froze

Frozen

Freezes

Get

Got

Got/Gotten

Gets

Give

Gave

Given

Gives

Go

Went

Gone/Been

Goes

Grind

Ground

Ground

Grinds

Grow

Grew

Grown

Grows

Hang

Hung

Hung

Hangs

Have

Had

Had

Has

Hear

Heard

Heard

Hears

Hide

Hid

Hidden

Hides

Hit

Hit

Hit

Hits

Hold

Held

Held

Holds

Hurt

Hurt

Hurt

Hurts

Keep

Kept

Kept

Keeps

Kneel

Knelt

Knelt

Kneels

Know

Knew

Known

Knows

Lay

Laid

Laid

Lays

Lead

Led

Led

Leads

Leave

Left

Left

Leaves

Lend

Lent

Lent

Lends

Let

Let

Let

Lets

Lie

Lay

Lain

Lies

Light

Lit

Lit

Lights

Lose

Lost

Lost

Loses

Make

Made

Made

Makes

Mean

Meant

Meant

Means

Meet

Met

Met

Meets

Mislead

Misled

Misled

Misleads

Mistake

Mistook

Mistaken

Mistakes

Misunderstand

Misunderstood

Misunderstood

Misunderstands

Mow

Mowed

Mown

Mows

Overdraw

Overdrew

Overdrawn

Overdraws

Overhear

Overheard

Overheard

Overhears

Overtake

Overtook

Overtaken

Overtakes

Pay

Paid

Paid

Pays

Put

Put

Put

Puts

Quit

Quit

Quit

Quits

Read

Read

Read

Reads

Ride

Rode

Ridden

Rides

Ring

Rang

Rung

Rings

Rise

Rose

Risen

Rises

Run

Ran

Run

Runs

Saw

Sawed

Sawn

Saws

Say

Said

Said

Says

See

Saw

Seen

Sees

Seek

Sought

Sought

Seeks

Sell

Sold

Sold

Sells

Send

Sent

Sent

Sends

Set

Set

Set

Sets

Sew

Sewed

Sewn

Sews

Shake

Shook

Shaken

Shakes

Shave

Shaved

Shaved

Shaves

Shed

Shed

Shed

Sheds

Shine

Shone

Shone

Shines

Shoe

Shod

Shod

Shoes

Shoot

Shot

Shot

Shoots

Show

Showed

Shown

Shows

Shrink

Shrank

Shrunk

Shrinks

Shut

Shut

Shut

Shuts

Sing

Sang

Sung

Sings

Sink

Sank

Sunk

Sinks

Sit

Sat

Sat

Sits

Sleep

Slept

Slept

Sleeps

Slide

Slid

Slid or Slidden

Slides

Sling

Slung

Slung

Slings

Slit

Slit

Slit

Slits

Sneak

Snuck

Snuck

Sneaks

Sow

Sowed

Sown

Sows

Speak

Spoke

Spoken

Speaks

Speed

Sped

Sped

Speeds

Spend

Spent

Spent

Spends

Spin

Spun

Spun

Spins

Spit

Spat

Spat

Spits

Split

Split

Split

Splits

Spread

Spread

Spread

Spreads

Spring

Sprang

Sprung

Springs

Stand

Stood

Stood

Stands

Steal

Stole

Stolen

Steals

Stick

Stuck

Stuck

Sticks

Sting

Stung

Stung

Stings

Stink

Stank

Stunk

Stinks

Strike

Struck

Struck

Strikes

String

Strung

Strung

Strings

Strive

Strove

Striven

Strives

Swear

Swore

Sworn

Swears

Sweep

Swept

Swept

Sweeps

Swell

Swelled

Swollen

Swells

Swim

Swam

Swum

Swims

Swing

Swung

Swung

Swings

Take

Took

Taken

Takes

Teach

Taught

Taught

Teaches

Tear

Tore

Torn

Tears

Tell

Told

Told

Tells

Think

Thought

Thought

Thinks

Throw

Threw

Thrown

Throws

Thrust

Thrust

Thrust

Thrusts

Undergo

Underwent

Undergone

Undergoes

Understand

Understood

Understood

Understands

Undertake

Undertook

Undertaken

Undertakes

Upset

Upset

Upset

Upsets

Wake

Woke

Woken

Wakes

Wear

Wore

Worn

Wears

Weave

Wove

Woven

Weaves

Wed

Wed/Wedded

Wed/Wedded

Weds

Weep

Wept

Wept

Weeps

Win

Won

Won

Wins

Wind

Wound

Wound

Winds

Withdraw

Withdrew

Withdrawn

Withdraws

Withhold

Withheld

Withheld

Withholds

Withstand

Withstood

Withstood

Withstands

Write

Wrote

Written

Writes

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